Nicomachus of Thebes was a Greek painter from the 4th century BC, and a contemporary of the great painters of the Classical period; his father and son were also painters. Vitruvius observes that if his fame was less than his contemporaries, it was the fault of fortune rather than a lack of talent.
Pliny tells us that he was a very rapid worker and claims that he was one of the painters who used only four colors. Pliny also gives a list of his works; among them an Abduction of Persephone by Hades. The image shown above, (restored in the 1990′s) is considered by some scholars to be this very masterpiece which was discovered in Vergina, Central Macedonia, Greece, and thought to be the burial site of Philip II, father of Alexander the Great. Reduced through time to almost fragments of underpainting, this extremely rare example of wall painting from the late Classical period remains a clue to the quality and splendor of mural painting from this era.
Plutarch recognized the paintings of Nicomachus as possessing the Homeric merit of ease and absence of effort.